Principles of Garden Design: Balance, Proportion, and Harmony

The Art of Garden Balance

Garden design is an art that goes beyond the mere arrangement of plants and hardscape elements. It is about creating a harmonious space that pleases the senses and evokes a sense of balance and tranquility. Three fundamental principles guide the creation of stunning gardens: balance, proportion, and harmony. Explore how these principles can transform an ordinary garden into a breathtaking oasis.


Balance is a key principle in the garden layout, involving the arrangement of elements in a way that creates visual stability. There are two types of balance to consider: symmetrical and asymmetrical. Symmetrical balance involves creating a mirror-like arrangement, where elements on one side of the garden mirror those on the other. It imparts a formal and classical look to the garden. On the other hand, asymmetrical balance involves distributing elements in an unequal but visually pleasing manner, resulting in a more relaxed and informal garden layout. Achieving balance is about finding the right combination of plant forms, colors, and hardscape elements to create a visually appealing and harmonious composition.


Proportion is the relationship between the sizes and shapes of various elements within the garden. It is crucial to create a sense of harmony and prevent elements from overpowering or being overshadowed by others. A well-proportioned garden ensures that plants, structures, pathways, and other elements blend seamlessly, creating a cohesive and pleasing environment. It involves considering the scale of the garden as a whole and the proportions of individual components within it. For example, tall trees should be appropriately spaced, and the size of pathways should be in proportion to the surrounding plantings.


Harmony brings together balance and proportion to create a garden that feels unified and harmonious. It involves selecting and arranging plants, colors, and materials that work together in a cohesive manner. Achieving harmony can be done through thoughtful plant combinations, such as using complementary colors or textures that enhance each other. It also involves considering the overall style or theme of the garden and ensuring that all elements align with that aesthetic. A harmonious garden creates a sense of peace and tranquility, allowing one to connect with nature on a deeper level.

Let Lassiter Mill Gardens Inc incorporate the principles of balance, proportion, and harmony into your garden design to elevate your outdoor space Raleigh, NC into a breathtaking sanctuary. Call us (919) 629-3939 for more information.

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